Plastic surgery has a long and fascinating history that dates back to ancient times. In the 8th century BC, physicians and medical practitioners in ancient India began using skin grafts to recreate human skin spots. Do you want to learn more? Visit more info here.
Susrutha, an ancient Indian surgeon, is credited with creating the first known nose. He used a piece of skin from a forehead or a part of one. Old Indian laws made nose amputations punishable at the time.
The Romans practised basic procedures including restoring damaged ears many millennia later. Dr Heinrich von Pfolspeundt performed a simple plastic surgery in Europe by extracting skin from the back of the arm and suturing it in place.
The art and science of plastic surgery, on the other hand, did not advance until the 19th and 20th centuries, when it became widely accepted. That was because, in the past, plastic surgery was associated with much too much danger.
Dr. John Peter Mettauer was the first plastic surgeon in the United States. His first plastic surgery procedure was a cleft palate operation, which he conducted in 1827. He made his own instruments and materials for operations.
Sir Harold Gillies is known as the “Father of Modern Plastic Surgery.” He was able to create a variety of modern plastic surgery techniques. During World War I, Sir Gillies concentrated on patients who had sustained facial injuries.
Defining the term “plastic surgery”
Plastic surgery is a broad term that refers to any manual or instrumental procedure or operation that is done for cosmetic or functional reasons.
The word “plastic” comes from the ancient Greek word “plastikos,” which means “to form or mould.”
To date, there are two primary or main areas or fields of plastic surgery. There are some of them:
Reconstructive plastic surgery is a form of plastic surgery that aims to restore a person This branch of plastic surgery focuses on concealing or repairing damage to the face or other parts of the body. This type of plastic surgery involves grafting skin with regional, local, or distant flaps to close defects. The treatment involves transferring tissues from one part of the body to another.
The most popular form of plastic surgery nowadays is aesthetic or cosmetic surgery. Most of the time, this type of plastic surgery is used to alter or enhance aspects of the face or body that the patient finds unattractive or unflattering. Breast reduction or breast implantation are examples of this form of plastic surgery.
Plastic surgery’s allied disciplines
It can also be subdivided based on the history and two large fields of plastic surgery. The research or development in the following related particular disciplines is also included in the American Board of Plastic Surgery:
Craniofacial surgery is a form of facial surgery. This type of plastic surgery involves treating or modifying congenital or in-born physical defects, such as cleft lip and palate, craniosynostosis, and other facial defects caused by inborn causes and physical growth.