Concussions are a type of traumatic head injury that is preceded by temporary brain function damage. Often referred to as mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) or mild head injury (MHI), this form of damage is one of the most common forms of external damage in the area of the head and neck. Checkout Healthy Tomorrows – Gilbert Medical Clinic.
About 2.8 million traumatic brain injury-related emergency department visits took place in the United States in 2013. Modern studies show that TBI’s most popular mechanisms are:
Accidents affecting road traffic
A blow against a certain object by or against
Both concussions can, broadly speaking, be classified into two main groups: sports-related and not sports-related. Although the care is approximately universal in all cases , patients who have sustained a concussion due to sport frequently worry about how easily they will return to their training sessions, games and tournaments. A significant part of TBI ‘s functional therapy is to clarify the importance of full recovery before returning to physical activity: this is important not just for the wellbeing of the patient, but also for his or her optimum physical performance.
During a concussion, what happens?
Regardless of the precise mechanism of the injury, when there is an immediate and drastic shift in speed, a concussion occurs. For example, when a goalkeeper is hit in the head by a ball, he gets a huge local acceleration-and the skull is the first to react appropriately by shifting in the direction of the impact, being a solid structure.
On the other side, the brain is a “floating” device suspended in the skull’s cerebrovascular liquid, so changing its direction and speed of movement takes longer. Thus, the brain is crushed against the cranium when a sudden blow to the head is received, affecting the local soft tissues.
Similarly, a sudden halt (such as due to a road accident) will cause an unexpected decrease in speed that initially affects the skull while a person is driving a vehicle such as a car or bike: for the next moments, the brain will still be going in the initial direction, thereby hitting the skull.
The symptoms that result from such harm can include:
Physical: headache (both local and diffuse), nausea , vomiting, heightened sensitivity to sound and light, dizziness , blurred vision, tinnitus (ringing in the ears), seeing light flashes or flickering stars.
Emotional and behavioural: anxiety , depression, sleepiness or insomnia, irritability, fatigue.
Cognitive: memory and focus affected, feeling’ slowed down’ or’ in a cloud.’
But this is only half the problem. People who have suffered from a concussion have a substantially increased chance of dying from other medical complications, according to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, such as:
Seizures-A 50-fold risk increase.
Accidental drug overdose-a risk rise of 11 times.
Infections-a 9-fold risk increase.
Pneumonia-A 6-fold risk increase.
This is why a holistic concussion care is important for each and every patient’s long-term wellbeing, as it can not only relieve the acute symptoms but also avoid the creation of future health issues.
The traditional approach to Concussion Management
Most physicians concentrate on the idea of “preventing further brain injury” in terms of treating concussions. This is achieved mostly through administering narcotics such as painkillers, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (to avoid brain swelling), antibiotics (to prevent infections throughout the healing period), antidepressants, and occasionally diuretics (to drain excess fluid from the body). While such a strategy is possible and provides a lot of advantages, the non-brain damage from a concussion, as well as delayed long-term health problems, are almost entirely overlooked.
Granted, it’s better than nothing, but end-to – end counselling can hardly be considered. Although this therapy is effective at alleviating immediate manifestations, it does not reduce the injury’s long-term effect. In other words, years after the accident, the patient who prefers traditional treatment for his or her concussion would have to return to medical care, sometimes unaware that a long time earlier, the harm might have been prevented. Fortunately, various aspects of functional recovery have been shown to be beneficial in treating the long-term effects of traumatic brain injury.