Spinal cord injuries (SCI) are a rare but catastrophic injury that can occur as a result of infections, tumours, or ischemic damage, and are one of the most deadly results of high-speed accidents or sporting activity. Younger people are the more at risk since they are more likely to engage in risky activities, although SCI can affect anyone at any age. Car and motorcycle accidents cause the most injuries, and because of the complicated picture that emerges after such an injury, a multidisciplinary team of professionals is required to ensure that the patient achieves the best level of independence possible for their condition. Quadriplegia and paraplegia are names used to characterise the disability that results. Checkout Wolli Creek Physio for more info.
The purpose of the initial medical evaluation is to determine the patient’s respiratory state and to address any other potential multiple injuries. Once the patient is stabilised, the doctors try to figure out where the damage happened in the spine, which is crucial information for medical and treatment care. Because a low lumbar fracture has no effect on the arms or the ability to breathe, the patient will develop independence with good trunk and arm strength and aerobic abilities. Cervical and upper thoracic injuries limit the patient’s capacity to breathe and limit arm function, making recovery much more difficult.
The first step is to determine the severity of the injury, which is critical because it determines the course of medical and physical treatment. There should be minimal, if any, respiratory implications if the spine is cracked low in the back, and the patient will have complete power in their arms and chest to gain independence. If the injury is severe, such as in the thorax or neck, the patient’s capacity to breathe spontaneously may be compromised, resulting in a considerably more difficult rehabilitation period with restricted independence.
Respiratory physiotherapy entails analysing a patient’s breathing ability, teaching them to deep breathe and fully expand their lungs, and coughing to expectorate. If the lower abdomen is paralysed, the patient may need to use their arms to stabilise the area and allow a propulsive cough to take place. The physiotherapist may aid more impaired people stabilise by assisting the air to depart suddenly when coughing. To induce a cough, a cough assist machine can be employed, and respiratory suction may be used in the early stages of treatment in intensive care.
Shop 53/95 Bonar St, Wolli Creek, NSW 2205
Phone no: 0295679452