Bed bugs extermination should be addressed as a priority as soon as it is discovered that there is an infestation of these insects present. The creatures are small parasitic insects belonging to the Cimicidae family. They feed mainly on the blood of humans and various other warm-blooded animals. The most common form of bed bug is the Cimex lectularius which is the type usually associated with humans. It is a misconception that bed bugs are invisible to the naked eye, in fact, they measure about 4 to 5 mm long and about 1.5 to 3 mm wide. Have a look at Detroit bed bug treatment for more info on this.
These insects feed on blood and dry skin and will often climb walls and ceilings then drop on their victims upon detecting body heat. Their peak feeding periods are just before sunrise but are known to feed at other times if the opportunity arises. The bugs feed by inserting two hollow tubes through the skin of their victims. They inject their saliva which contains a combination of anticoagulants and anesthetics, through the one tube and withdraw the blood through the other tube.
One of the first signs of the presence of bed bugs are when swollen, red, itchy spots appear on the body. These spots may be painful and in certain circumstances can become infected and look extremely unpleasant. A doctors prescription will normally clear up this condition.
There are a number of ways to get rid of these insects. Using chemicals is one way, but care should be taken if there are children and pets in the vicinity. To begin, all soft furnishings and bedding should be removed and placed into plastic bags which should then be sealed. This will ensure that the bugs are not transported to any other rooms.
The collected items should then be laundered at a very high temperature. Tumble dry the items also at as high a temperature as possible for at least ten minutes. Discard any items that cannot be laundered or tumble dried.
Using a vacuum cleaner, clean all of the furniture both inside and out to remove all traces of larvae and eggs, which being small, are difficult to detect. If the furniture can be left outside in summer or in winter, this should help to eliminate any remaining insects as they cannot tolerate very hot or very cold temperatures.
Any one of a number of chemical insect killers may now be employed in the infected room once it has been determined that it is now free of all insect residue. Check inside of smoke detectors and electrical sockets for any traces of insects. Traces of dark fecal matter are a clue of their presence. If unsure about the use of chemicals or if the infestation is a large one, consider calling in a professional exterminator.
An alternative method of clearing the bugs is by the use of high powered steam cleaning. A unit may be purchased for around $50. Begin by determining where the bugs are living. A good start would be to spray scalding hot steam into all cracks for about two to three seconds. This should be done regularly until all traces of the insects disappear and the process of bed bugs extermination is complete.